36 Interesting Facts About Florence, Italy (history + fun facts!) (2022)

Florence, or Firenze, is the capital of Tuscany; it’s the 8th most visited city in Italy after Milan, and before Naples.

It’s mostly famous for being the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance, and it holds close to 1/3rd of the most important art masterpieces in the world.

Ready to discover more about the city with these 36 interesting facts about Florence?

Let’s see them all!

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • The Main Florence Facts
  • General Florence Italy Facts
  • Where is Florence? Florence on a Map
  • Florence Flag
  • More Facts!
  • The Full List of 36 Florence Facts

The Main Florence Facts

1. Florence was once the capital of the Kingdom of Italy

In 1861, Tuscany became part of the Kingdom of Italy. 4 years later, in 1865, Florence became the new capital of Italy, replacing Turin.

This only lasted 5 years though, as Rome became the capital of Italy in 1870.

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Sunset over the Arno river and the Ponte Vecchio in Florence

2. Florence was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance

The Renaissance was a period following the Middle Ages, from the 14th to the 17th century. It was a period of rebirth, in all industries: cultural, artistic, political and economic, with the cultural & artistic parts being the most famous ones.

This new era was born in Florence, which was a thriving city at the time. It then reached other cities in Italy such as Venice & Rome, and later spread out to the rest of Europe.

3. More than 15 million visitors explore Florence each year

In 2018, there were more than 15 million tourists who came to Florence.

And that’s only people who stayed at least 1 night in the city: the total number of people who visited Florence is way higher.

In comparison, the total population of Florence was 707,000 in 2018; that’s 21 times less than the total numbers of tourists!

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View from the top of the Florence Cathedral

4. The Ponte Vecchio bridge is a famous landmark of Florence

The Ponte Vecchio, Italian for Old Bridge, is an icon of Florence.

Built in 1345, the bridge spans over the River Arno with 3 arches, an innovative design for the time.

The bridge is easily recognizable with all the shops built on it, and the covered passage above it, a private aerial walkway built for the ruling family, the Medici Family.

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5. Hitler prevented the destruction of the Ponte Vecchio in World War II

During World War II, the German army was occupying the city of Florence.

At the end of the war, the Germs were forced out of the city by the Allies; when they fled, they destroyed all of the bridges in Florence.

Well, not all of them: legend has it that Hitler loved the bridge so much that he instructed to not destroy it, and Ponte Vecchio was left untouched.

6. Florence was the first city in Europe to pave its streets

While Romans paved their roads in ancient times, pavement was not used anymore after the fall of the Roman Empire.

That’s until 1339, when Florence got money from the local banks & merchants, and paved the streets of the city.

Florence was the first city in Europe to pave its streets, and the trend soon extended to the rest of Europe.

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7. Florence is the birthplace of Gelato

(Video) 10 Interesting Facts about Italy - Fun Facts for Kids | Educational Videos by Mocomi

This is the first of our food facts about Florence.

The delicious frozen dessert gelato was invented in Florence in the 16th century. It was first invented by Cosimo Ruggieri, then many other people contributed to the wide spread of this sweet treat. Definitely a must try when in Florence with kids!

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8. The David statue from Michelangelo was created in Florence, and is currently still in Florence

Perhaps one of the most famous work of art produced during the Renaissance, David is a marble sculpture made by Michelangelo in 1504.

The statue was created in Florence, by a Florentine. To this day, the statue is still in Florence, in the Galleria dell’Accademia, an art museum in the city.

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9. The arm of the David statue was broken

This is one of the little known facts about Florence Italy: the David statue had its left arm broken.

In 1527, the statue was placed in the seat of the city authorities. During a riot against the Medici family, a chair was throw at the statue, breaking its left arm in 3 pieces. The statue has since been repaired, and moved to a safer location while a copy remained in the original spot.

10. The Stendhal Syndrome first happened in Florence

The Stendhal syndrome, also called Florence syndrome, refers to accelerated heartbeat and even fainting when someone is exposed to art masterpieces.

It first afflicted French author Stendhal when he visited Florence in 1817.

It was then experienced by many other people, and local hospital staff in Florence is used to patients with similar conditions after seeing the beauty of Florence.

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Portrait of French author Stendhal

11. The Florentine language is the basis of the Italian language

The Italian language is not so ancient. In fact, there wasn’t an universal Italian language in Italy until the 14th century.

Florence-born poet Dante wrote poems in Florentine, the local dialect; these poems spread throughout the country, and they helped spread the dialect, which soon became the most widely understood dialect in the country.

This is how Florentine became the basis of the Italian language, still used to this day.

12. There’s a taxidermy museum in the city

This is one of the fun facts about Florence, though a bit morbid.

La Specola, part of the Museum of Natural History in Florence, has the largest wax anatomical collection in the world, as well as plenty of taxidermy of even extinct species.

The museum is the oldest public museum in Europe, and displays wax models in semi-erotic poses, with their stomach open to reveal the anatomy of the body.

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La Specola museum by I, Lucarelli / CC BY-SA

13. Leonardo da Vinci was born in Florence

Leonardo da Vinci is one of the most famous artists of the Renaissance, talented in many forms of art: painting, sculpture, architecture, drawing & more.

This genius was born in Vinci on April 14th 1452 in the village of Anchiano, right outside the town of Vinci, all included in the Republic of Florence.

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14. Pinocchio was invented in Florence

No, Pinocchio wasn’t invented by Disney.

In fact, it was invented way before by a man named Carlo Collodi, born in Florence on November 24th 1826.

15. The Cathedral took 140 years to be completed

The Florence Cathedral is one of the main landmarks of the city. It’s also known as Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, or Duomo di Firenze.

Construction started in 1296, and the cathedral was only finished in 1436, 140 years later.

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16. The dome of the Duomo is the largest brick & mortar dome in the world

The main feature of the Duomo is its massive dome. It’s made of more than 4 million bricks, and weighs an impressive 37,000 metric tons.

The dome is incredibly large, and over 10 stories high. To this day, it remains the largest brick dome in the entire world.

Visiting the Duomo is an awesome experience you can’t miss if you’re in Florence.

17. The city was founded by Julius Caesar

Florence was founded by Roman Emperor Julius Caesar, in 59 BC.

It was originally meant to be a settlement for the soldiers, and was built just like a garrison town.

A few years later, the settlement has grown in a full-blown city, and the Romans now refer to it as Florentia, the Flourishing Town.

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18. The symbol of the city used to be a white lily

The Lily, or Giglio as locals call it, is the symbol of the city, and you can see it on the flag.

The flag today is a red lily on a white background, but it wasn’t always the case.

In fact, it used to be a white lily on a red background. In 1266, the colors were switched by the Guelphs (supporting the Pope), to celebrate their victory over the Ghibellines (supporting the Holy Roman Emperor).

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The flag of Florence

19. The world explorer Amerigo Vespucci was from Florence

Amerigo Vespucci was a famous explorer, born in Florence on March 9th 1454.

He was the first to recognize that America was a new continent, when at the time explorers (including Columbus) thought it was part of Asia.

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Portrait of Amerigo Vespucci

20. The piano was invented in Florence

The inventor of the piano, Bartolomeo Cristofori, was initially in Venice. He was already experimenting with new instruments there.

During one of his visits to Venice, the Grand Prince of Tuscany Ferdinando de Medici, spotted Cristofori. He took him to Florence and offered him an invention studio, where he eventually invented the piano, in 1700.

21. The Basilica di San Lorenzo is the oldest church in Florence

The Basilica di San Lorenzo, or Basilica of Saint Lawrence, is one of the biggest churches in Florence.

It’s one of the oldest churches in Florence, if not the oldest, and was built in 393. It was the main cathedral of the city, before Santa Reparata (on which Florence Cathedral was built later on).

In the 15th century, the basilica got completely renovated by masters from the Renaissance: Donatello, Michelangelo and Brunelleschi.

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Basilica di San Lorenzo in Florence by Peter K Burian / CC BY-SA

22. There is a shoes museum, the Museo Salvatore Ferragamo

The Museo Salvatore Ferragamo is a fashion museum in Florence, opened by the Ferragamo family.

It contains more than 10,000 pairs of shoes made by Ferragamo, and it’s any shoes lover paradise.

23. The fashion brand Gucci was born in Florence

Another fashion fact with Gucci, the famous Italian luxury fashion brand.

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Gucci was founded in 1921 by Guccio Gucci in Florence, and it’s today one of the most profitable Italian fashion brands.

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24. The city is one of the top fashion capitals of the world

As you might have guessed from the 2 previous facts, Florence is one of the top fashion cities in the world.

While Milan remains the true Italian capital of fashion, Florence is a top contender, with many fashion brands founded in the city (Ferragamo, Gucci, Lotti, …).

The Florence Fashion Week is one of the main events not to miss if you’re into fashion.

25. Operas were created in Florence

Florence is considered to be the birthplace of modern opera.

A local group of artists, writers and musicians, known as the Florentine Camerata, set out to recreate Greek plays through music; following their movement, a rival Jacopo Cordsi created Dafne in 1598, the first opera.

26. Tourism is the most important industry in Firenze

The most important industry in Florence is tourism, and the city’s economy heavily relies on it.

In the high season, from April to October, there are more tourists in Florence than locals. As of late, an increasing part of the tourism is cultural tourism, with people flocking from all over the world to visit the great museums & art collections of Firenze.

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27. The Medici Family ruled Florence from 1434 to 1737 and led the Renaissance movement

The Medici Family, or House of Medici, ruled Florence from 1434 to 1737.

The Medici was a wealthy family of merchants and bankers who accumulated money, to the point of being the wealthiest family in Europe. They then used the money to control the city, and expand their influence to the rest of Italy & Europe.

They were most famous for investing in art & culture, and their support made Florence the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance.

It’s interesting to note that the Medici Family had 4 Popes and 2 Queens of France.

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Painting of the Medici Family by Benozzo Gozzoli

28. The Arno River flooded in 1966 killing 101 people

In 1966, the river Arno flooded after a long period of steady rain, and submerged the city of Florence.

The water reached 6.7 meters at its highest point (22 feet), and it was a true disaster for the city.

101 people lost their lives, and 5,000 families lost their homes. On top of that, millions of books and art pieces were damaged and even today restoration work is ongoing.

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After the 1966 flood in Florence

29. A famous dish is Lampredotto, meat made from the stomach of a cow

Lampredotto is a typical street food in Florence.

It’s actually the 4th stomach of a cow, slow-cooked to be tender meat, and it’s usually served as a sandwich.

30. The Florentine money financed cities all over Europe in the Middle Ages

The Fiorino d’oro, or Gold Florin, was the official money of Florence from 1252.

It was the first gold coin to be produced in large quantities in Europe, large enough that it had a huge commercial role from the Middle Ages all through the Renaissance.

The bankers from Florence (and the Medici Family) used the Gold Florin to finance cities all over Europe. They helped during the Hundred Years War by financing the English Kings, and even financed the papacy.

31. It was under threat of a crazy serial killer between 1974 and 1985

This is another little known fact about Florence: the city was the home of a crazy serial killer in recent years.

Il Mostro di Firenze, or Monster of Florence, is a serial killer who killed 16 people in Florence, from 1968 and 1985.

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The crazy fact is that the case was never solved: no one knows who committed the crime, and the serial killer was never apprehended.

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32. Close to 1/3 of the World’s Art Heritage is in Florence

Yes, that’s a crazy number!

According to the UNESCO, Italy has around 60% of the most important pieces of art. And out of the 60%, half is in Florence.

This makes for close to 1/3rd of the world’s masterpiece located in Florence, most from the Italian Renaissance.

33. The Uffizi Gallery is one of the most popular museums in the world

While we’re on the masterpieces subject, let’s talk about the Uffizi Gallery.

This art museum has the best collection of Italian Renaissance art: paintings, sculptures, antiques, drawings & prints.

It’s the most visited museum in Italy, and the most popular attraction in Florence with more than 2 million visitors in 2018.

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The Uffizi Gallery in Florence

34. The traditional bread from Florence is made without salt

This is something that surprises many visitors: the bread in Florence is made without salt.

The Florentines will tell you that their cuisine is so rich of flavors that it doesn’t require any additional savor in the bread, which is why they don’t put salt.

History has it that back in the Middle Ages, there was such a heavy tax on salt that most people couldn’t afford it: they just made bread without salt.

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35. Bistecca alla Fiorentina is a famous local dish, perfect for meat lovers

Our last food fact about Florence, about a famous local dish.

The Bistecca alla Fiorentina, or beefsteak Florentine style, is a massive veal T-bone steak from 450g to 1kg. It’s grilled on charcoal, and it must be browned on the outside & rare on the inside.

Definitely a must-try when you visit Florence if you’re a meat lover!

36. A street can have 2 different names in Florence

And finally, the last of our 36 Florence facts.

It’s very easy to get lost in Florence, as the same street can have 2 different names – or more!

For example, the Via Martelli is a famous street, right next to the Cathedral. Right after it crosses another street to the north, it changes name and becomes Via Camillo Cavour. And down south, it becomes Via dei Calzaiuoli after crossing another street.

Good luck!

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So there you have them, the 36 interesting facts about Florence Italy!

If you want to learn more about the city, keep reading for some general facts and info.

General Florence Italy Facts

You’ll find below a few general Florence Italy facts, to learn more about this Italian city:

  • Name: Florence | Firenze (Italian)
  • Province: Metropolitan City of Florence
  • Region: Tuscany
  • Land area: 102.4 km² / 39.5 square miles
  • Population: 383,083
  • Name of inhabitants: Florentine | Fiorentino (Italian)
  • Website: Citta di Firenze

Where is Florence? Florence on a Map

Florence is a city located in central Italy, in Tuscany. It’s east of Pisa, and not far from the famous Cinque Terre.

Here you can see it on the map, to have a better understanding of where it is in Italy:

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Florence Flag

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More Facts!

Do you want even more facts about Italy?

Check out the following posts:

  • Sicily facts
  • Sardinia facts
  • Verona facts

Or click here to see ALL the facts up on the blog! Spoiler alert: there is A LOT of them.

(Video) 5 Amazing Facts About Florence - LEARN ITALIAN 🇮🇹

The Full List of 36 Florence Facts

  1. Florence was once the capital of the Kingdom of Italy
  2. Florence was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance
  3. More than 15 million visitors explore Florence each year
  4. The Ponte Vecchio bridge is a famous landmark of Florence
  5. Hitler prevented the destruction of the Ponte Vecchio in World War II
  6. Florence was the first city in Europe to pave its streets
  7. Florence is the birthplace of Gelato
  8. The David statue from Michelangelo was created in Florence, and is currently still in Florence
  9. The arm of the David statue was broken
  10. The Stendhal Syndrome first happened in Florence
  11. The Florentine language is the basis of the Italian language
  12. There’s a taxidermy museum in the city
  13. Leonardo da Vinci was born in Florence
  14. Pinocchio was invented in Florence
  15. The Cathedral took 140 years to be completed
  16. The dome of the Duomo is the largest brick & mortar dome in the world
  17. The city was founded by Julius Caesar
  18. The symbol of the city used to be a white lily
  19. The world explorer Amerigo Vespucci was from Florence
  20. The piano was invented in Florence
  21. The Basilica di San Lorenzo is the oldest church in Florence
  22. There is a shoes museum, the Museo Salvatore Ferragamo
  23. The fashion brand Gucci was born in Florence
  24. The city is one of the top fashion capitals of the world
  25. Operas were created in Florence
  26. Tourism is the most important industry in Firenze
  27. The Medici Family ruled Florence from 1434 to 1737 and led the Renaissance movement
  28. The Arno River flooded in 1966 killing 101 people
  29. A famous dish is Lampredotto, meat made from the stomach of a cow
  30. The Florentine money financed cities all over Europe in the Middle Ages
  31. It was under threat of a crazy serial killer between 1974 and 1985
  32. Close to 1/3 of the World’s Art Heritage is in Florence
  33. The Uffizi Gallery is one of the most popular museums in the world
  34. The traditional bread from Florence is made without salt
  35. Bistecca alla Fiorentina is a famous local dish, perfect for meat lovers
  36. A street can have 2 different names in Florence

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FAQs

What's special about Florence? ›

The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.

What two things was Florence known for? ›

Florence is known for being the birthplace of the Renaissance and an open-air museum, as well as for its simple yet amazing cuisine.

How old is Florence in Italy? ›

The history of Florence stretches back almost 3,000 years. Florence was founded in 59 B.C. as an ancient Roman settlement. Florence prospered during the Roman, Byzantine, Medieval, and Renaissance periods of history. Florence emerged as an independent city state in 1425.

What are 10 facts about Italy? ›

Top 10 fun and interesting facts about Italy for kids
  • It was established in 1861. ...
  • There are some fantastic Italian food and drinks. ...
  • People speak Italian. ...
  • The weather changes throughout the year. ...
  • The capital city is Rome. ...
  • The majority of people living there are Roman Catholic. ...
  • There are active volcanoes in Italy!

Did you know facts about history? ›

Fun History Facts
  • During World War II, a Great Dane named Juliana was awarded the Blue Cross Medal. ...
  • Alexander the Great was accidentally buried alive. ...
  • There were female Gladiators in Ancient Rome! ...
  • The world's most successful pirate in history was a lady named Ching Shih.
10 Oct 2020

How did Florence get its name? ›

It is derived from the French version of (Saint) Florentia, a Roman martyr under Diocletian. The Latin florens, florentius means "blossoming", verb floreo, meaning "I blossom / I flower / I flourish".
...
Florence (given name)
Origin
Word/nameEnglish < French < Latin
Meaningblossoming in faith, in belief (mystic name)
Other names
5 more rows

Is Florence a female name? ›

Florence is a feminine name of Latin origin. Coming from the word florentius, this name means “blossoming,” “flourishing,” and “prosperous,” making it a wonderful choice to inspire good fortune for baby throughout their life.

What do Italians call Florence? ›

The Name of Florence – Firenze.

What was invented in Florence? ›

Florence is the Capital city of the region of Tuscany. Between 1865 and 1870 Florence was made capital of the newly united kingdom of Italy. Italian Gelato was invented in Florence!

What made Florence rich? ›

Much of Florence's wealth was dependent on the manufacture or trade of cloth, primarily wool. Wool of superior quality was often purchased unfinished and untreated from England and Iberia. Florentine textile workers then cleaned, carded, spun, dyed, and wove the wool into cloth of excellent quality.

When did Florence fall? ›

End of the Republic

In 1569, Cosimo was elevated to the rank of the Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1569 by Pope Pius V. This marks the end of the Florence Republic, and the beginning of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

Is Florence the city of love? ›

Florence is the city of love. The little cobblestone streets, the architecture, the history and art, and the cute cafes, make this famous city one of the most visited in Italy.

Who invaded Florence? ›

A large Imperial and Spanish army under Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange and Pier Maria III de' Rossi surrounded the city, and, after a siege of nearly ten months, captured it, overthrowing the Republic of Florence and installing Alessandro de' Medici as the ruler of the city.

Did Italians invent pizza? ›

Pizza has a long history. Flatbreads with toppings were consumed by the ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks. (The latter ate a version with herbs and oil, similar to today's focaccia.) But the modern birthplace of pizza is southwestern Italy's Campania region, home to the city of Naples.

Where is Italy facts for kids? ›

Italy is a country in Southern Europe. The country is located on a peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea. Italy borders six countries: France, Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia, Vatican City and San Marino. A flight to Italy's capital city Rome takes roughly 2.

How old is Italy's? ›

The country is known for its more than 3,000 years of history, in 753 BC. Rome was founded. Italy was a center of ancient Greco-Roman culture, and in the 15th-century, they invented the Renaissance.

What are 5 cool facts? ›

Interesting Unknown Facts
  • Hot water will turn into ice faster than cold water. ...
  • The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. ...
  • The strongest muscle in the body is the tongue. ...
  • Ants take rest for around 8 Minutes in 12-hour period. ...
  • "I Am" is the shortest complete sentence in the English language. ...
  • Coca-Cola was originally green.

What are 5 amazing facts? ›

5 amazing science facts that will blow your mind
  • A teaspoonful of neutron star. ...
  • Metals that explode when in contact with water. ...
  • Hawaii is moving closer to Alaska by 7.5cm every year. ...
  • Sunflowers are known as hyperaccumulators. ...
  • A cockroach can live for up to one week without its head.
15 Nov 2021

Is Florence known for gold? ›

Gold jewellery is one of the most sought after items in Florence. The city has some of the country's best goldsmiths and of course the gold dealers on the Ponte Vecchio are world famous. Objectively speaking, the quality of gold jewellery in Florence is very high.

Is Florence a male name? ›

Florence Origin and Meaning

The name Florence is both a boy's name and a girl's name meaning "flourishing". Florence is historically a unisex name, deriving both from Latin Florentius and Florentia. Although much more commonly feminine in modern times, it appeared in the US Top 1000 for boys until 1914.

Is Florence a flower? ›

'Florence' is a pretty perennial with dainty, pincushion, lilac-pink flowers in summer. It will tolerate most soil types and aspects as long it has moist but well-drained soil and is in full sun or partial shade.

Is Italy a girl name? ›

Italy Origin and Meaning

The name Italy is girl's name .

Does Florence mean? ›

A feminine form of the Roman name Florentius, which was from the Latin word florens, meaning "blossoming, flourishing". Florence Nightingale was a pioneer of modern nursing and her work in the Crimean war made her a heroine in Victorian England.

Can Italia be a name? ›

The name Italia is girl's name of Italian origin.

Is Florence famous for art? ›

Art and architecture in Florence are world-class and timeless. The city hit the jackpot in medieval and Renaissance times when painters, sculptors and architects bejeweled churches, palaces and squares with a wealth of masterpieces. Centuries on, reams remain – to an overwhelming extent for most visitors.

What drink is Florence known for? ›

Today is on scene one of the most typical cocktails of Florence, one of the most famous aperitifs in the world, officially entered in the habits of all the Italians: the Negroni!

Is Florence known for pizza? ›

Florence is a foodie's paradise, and no trip to any Italian city would be complete without sampling the best pizza on offer. Whether you're a Margherita lover or like to load up on toppings, Florence has it all.

Is Florence an Italian last name? ›

English: habitational name from Florence in Italy originally named in Latin as Florentia.

Which is the oldest city in Italy? ›

The oldest city in Italy—and the oldest in Europe, too—Matera is a UNESCO World Heritage city that was also the European Capital of Culture in 2019.

Is Florence an English name? ›

The name Florence is both a boy's name and a girl's name of Latin origin meaning "flourishing, prosperous".

Was ice cream invented in Florence? ›

Buontalenti was a man of a thousand qualities: architect, sculptor, painter, military engineer and set designer of sixteenth-century Florence. His art could range from art to the invention of new weapons and even to culinary science. In Florence, there is no doubt: he was the inventor of ice cream!

How was Florence built? ›

Florence was founded as a Roman military colony about the 1st century bce, and during its long history it has been a republic, a seat of the duchy of Tuscany, and a capital (1865–70) of Italy. During the 14th–16th century Florence achieved preeminence in commerce and finance, learning, and especially the arts.

What goods did Florence trade? ›

The main export item Florence traded was wool. In exchange for the wool, Florence received food such as salt, wine, dried fruits, meat, conserved fish, and spices. They also received leather skins, furs, tin, wax, and coral, which came from all over Northern Europe and North Africa.

How old are the streets of Florence? ›

Question: All roads may lead to Rome, but which European city was the first to pave its streets? In 1339, Florence paved all its streets, becoming the first city in Europe to do so.

Who ruled Florence? ›

Medici family, French Médicis, Italian bourgeois family that ruled Florence and, later, Tuscany during most of the period from 1434 to 1737, except for two brief intervals (from 1494 to 1512 and from 1527 to 1530).

Why is Florence so beautiful? ›

UNESCO declared the Historic Centre of Florence a World Heritage Site in 1982. The city is well-known for its rich culture, enthralling Renaissance art, captivating architecture and interesting monuments. Forbes has ranked it as one of the most beautiful cities in the world as well.

Did Florence have slaves? ›

In Florence, the practice of slavery took off after 1350 to such an extent that in 1364, the Florentine State created legal structures that both sanctioned and monitored the sale of enslaved persons (Origo, 334). For taxation purposes, the city treasury also created a register of slaves (the Registro degli Schiavi, ed.

Who ruled Florence for 300 years? ›

The Medici family dominated the history of Florence for over 300 years. They began their rise in the 13th century thanks to two important activities: trading and banking.

Is Florence a big city? ›

Is Florence an old city? ›

Florence was built on the site of an Etruscan settlement and the later ancient Roman colony of Florentia (founded in 59 BC). This Tuscan city became a symbol of the Renaissance during the early Medici period (between the 15th and the 16th centuries), reaching extraordinary levels of economic and cultural development.

Is Florence known for jewelry? ›

Gold, silver and precious gemstones are to be found in abundance in Florence. As a matter of fact, in Florence, there are some of the best jewelry stores and goldsmiths in the country. The famous Ponte Vecchio is historically the place to find quality handcrafted jewelry pieces.

What is the city if love? ›

Paris is known for a lot of things, but perhaps the most famous is the City of Love. Love is always in the air when you visit Paris. From history to the modern day, Paris remains a destination for people celebrating love or looking for the alluring emotion. Over 30 million people visit the City of Love every year.

Who destroyed Florence? ›

During World War II, the city experienced a year-long German occupation (1943–1944). On September 25, 1943, Allied bombers targeted central Florence, destroying many buildings and killing 215 civilians.

Who ruled Florence until his death in 1492? ›

Lorenzo de' Medici

Who ruled Florence until 1492? ›

The Medici were one of Italy's most storied families. They ruled Florence and, later, Tuscany in the 15th–18th century and promoted the Italian Renaissance.

› wiki › History_of_Florence ›


History of Florence

https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Florence
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Florence
Florence (Italian: Firenze) weathered the decline of the Western Roman Empire to emerge as a financial hub of Europe, home to several banks including that of th...

HISTORY OF FLORENCE

http://www.historyworld.net › wrldhis › plaintexthistories
http://www.historyworld.net › wrldhis › plaintexthistories
HISTORY OF FLORENCE including Roman colony, Republican Florence, Bankers to Europe's kings, Florence's patrons, Pater patriae, Florence, city of learnin...
In the beginning, Florence was a fortified camp called Florentia that lay on the Via Cassia, a Roman road that ran between the foothills of the Apennines and th...

What are some historical facts about Italy? ›

A free wine fountain? 15 bizarre Italian facts
  • Italy is the fifth most visited country in the world. ...
  • All three of Europe's active volcanoes are in Italy. ...
  • Italians invented pizza in Naples. ...
  • Italy has the most UNESCO World Heritage sites in the world. ...
  • Italians have eaten pasta since the 4th century B.C.
18 Jan 2020

What historical things are in Italy? ›

Top 10 historical sites in Italy
  • Colosseum, Rome.
  • Valley of the Temples, Sicily.
  • Duomo, Milan.
  • Duomo, Florence.
  • Sassi of Matera.
  • St Mark's Basilica, Venice.
  • Basilica of St Francis, Assisi.
  • Leaning Tower of Pisa.
30 Jan 2022

What is Italy known for historically? ›

Italy is famous for the Renaissance and the incredible artists it produced. Italy is famous for its tourism, its art cities and unique scenery. Italy is also known for its language, its opera, its fashion and its luxury brands.

What are some major historical events in Italy? ›

BCE
  • 2000 - Bronze Age begins in Italy.
  • 800 - The Etruscans settle in central Italy. ...
  • 753 - According to legend, Romulus founds the city of Rome.
  • 700s - The Greeks settle much of southern Italy and Sicily.
  • 509 - The Roman Republic is established.
  • 334 - The Romans begin to colonize and take over much of Italy.

Did Italians invent pizza? ›

Pizza has a long history. Flatbreads with toppings were consumed by the ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks. (The latter ate a version with herbs and oil, similar to today's focaccia.) But the modern birthplace of pizza is southwestern Italy's Campania region, home to the city of Naples.

How old is Italy's history? ›

Italy gradually enters the proto-historical period in the 8th century BC, with the introduction of the Phoenician script and its adaptation in various regional variants.

How old is Italy's? ›

The country is known for its more than 3,000 years of history, in 753 BC. Rome was founded. Italy was a center of ancient Greco-Roman culture, and in the 15th-century, they invented the Renaissance.

What is the oldest thing in Italy? ›

The Stone carvings of Val Camonica

The earliest of the carvings date back to the 8th millennium B.C., or the Mesolithic period! The collection is so important, it actually was the first UNESCO-recognized World Heritage site in Italy.

What are 3 traditions in Italy? ›

Here are eight for your list:
  • Epiphany and La Befana. Throughout Florence, it is tradition for an old woman to deliver gifts to children on Epiphany Eve. ...
  • Carnevale. ...
  • Florentine New Year. ...
  • Scoppio del Carro. ...
  • Patron Saint Feast Day. ...
  • Notte Bianca. ...
  • Festa della Rificolana. ...
  • Republic Day.
21 Feb 2017

What is the oldest building in Italy? ›

" The Pantheon is the oldest building in the world that's still in use today. Since the 7th century, it has been a Roman Catholic church. Built around 125 A.D. by the Roman emperor Publius Aelius Hadrianus, it was actually the third iteration of the structure.

Who invented pizza? ›

Specifically, baker Raffaele Esposito from Naples is often given credit for making the first such pizza pie. Historians note, however, that street vendors in Naples sold flatbreads with toppings for many years before then.

What is the old name of Italy? ›

Italia, the ancient name of the Italian Peninsula, which is also eponymous of the modern republic, originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy.

What is an Italian car? ›

Italy is one of the significant automobile producers both in Europe and across the world. Today the Italian automotive industry is almost totally dominated by Fiat Group; As well as its own, predominantly mass-market model range, Fiat owns the upmarket Alfa Romeo and Lancia brands and the exotic Maserati brand.

What was Italy called 2000 years ago? ›

The process of unification took some time and was started in 1815. Whilst the lower peninsula of what is now known as Italy was known is the Peninsula Italia as long ago as the first Romans (people from the City of Rome) as long about as 1,000 BCE the name only referred to the land mass not the people.

Where is Italy for kids? ›

Italy is a country in Southern Europe. The country is located on a peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea. Italy borders six countries: France, Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia, Vatican City and San Marino. A flight to Italy's capital city Rome takes roughly 2.

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